Wụnye GNOME 41 na Debian 11 Bullseye

ọtụtụ Debian 11 ndị ọrụ maara nke ahụ Gnome nke 38 bụ ụdị ndabara nke codename Bullseye sistemụ arụmọrụ. Otú ọ dị, dị ka ọtụtụ hype e wuru gburugburu ọhụrụ Gnome 41 desktọpụ, ọtụtụ ga na-achọ ohere iji wụnye na nwalee ma ọ bụ na-adịgide adịgide na-eji ọhụrụ na-enye si GNOME.

GNOME 41 na-ewebata ọtụtụ mgbanwe site na mgbanwe a na-ahụ anya, ngwa ọhụrụ, na imegharị mgbanwe azụ azụ iji melite arụmọrụ. N'ozuzu, ọ dị nnọọ iche na ụdị GNOME gara aga dị ka ọ dị na mbụ.

N'ime nkuzi a, ị ga-amụta ka esi etinye ihe ọhụrụ GNOME 41 desktọpụ sitere na ebe nchekwa (sid) na-akwụghị ụgwọ na sistemụ arụmọrụ Debian 11 Bullseye gị..

Advertisement

Prerequisites

  • OS akwadoro: Debian 11 Bullseye.
  • Akaụntụ onye ọrụ: Akaụntụ onye ọrụ nwere sudo ma ọ bụ ohere mgbọrọgwụ.

Melite Sistemụ Ọrụ

Melite gi Debian Sistemụ arụmọrụ iji hụ na ngwugwu niile dị adị adịla ugbu a:

sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Nkuzi a ga-eji ya sudo iwu na na-eche na ị nwere ọnọdụ sudo.

Iji nyochaa ọkwa sudo na akaụntụ gị:

sudo whoami

Ihe atụ na-egosi ọkwa sudo:

[joshua@debian~]$ sudo whoami
root

Ka ịtọlite ​​akaụntụ sudo dị adị ma ọ bụ ọhụrụ, gaa na nkuzi anyị na Ịgbakwunye onye ọrụ na Sudoers na Debian.

Iji mgbọrọgwụ akaụntụ, jiri iwu na-esonụ na paswọọdụ mgbọrọgwụ banye.

su

Nkuzi a ga-eji ọnụ maka nrụnye achọtara na ya Ihe omume > Gosi ngwa > Nkwụsị.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Wụnye GNOME 41 na Debian 11 Bullseye

Akwụkwọ nkwado Wayland

Ugbu a, naanị X11 ka akwadoro maka usoro nkwalite a na GNOME 41.

Advertisement

Tinye ebe nchekwa Debian na-adịghị akwụsi ike (Sid).

Ọrụ mbụ bụ ịgbakwunye ebe nchekwa na-akwụghị ọtọ na nke gị Ndepụta isi mmalite APT. A ka na-ebubata GNOME ma na-arụ ọrụ maka mwepụta Debian n'ọdịnihu, yabụ nke a bụ naanị alaka ụlọ ọrụ ị nwere ike ịwụnye wee nweta mmelite site ugbu a.

Nke mbụ, mepee isi mmalite.list faịlụ.

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Na-esote, tinye ebe nchekwa anaghị akwụsi ike na faịlụ ahụ.

deb http://deb.debian.org/debian unstable main contrib non-free
deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian unstable main contrib non-free

Ihe Nlereanya:

ndepụta ndepụta ihe atụ maka gnome 41 na debian 11 bullseye | Enwere ike Linux

Ugbu a, chekwaa faịlụ ahụ CTRL+O, wee pụọ CTRL + X.

Emelitela ngwugwu gị ma!

Advertisement

Hazie pinning APT maka ebe nchekwa anaghị akwụsi ike (Sid).

Site n'ịgbakwunye ebe nchekwa na-adịghị akwụsi ike, ị ga-enweta ngwa ngwa mgbanwe mgbanwe na-achọghị maka ngwugwu gị nke ga-ewepụ ebe nchekwa na-adịghị akwụ ụgwọ nke ị gbakwunyere. Ịchọghị imelite ngwugwu gị niile, ma ọ bụghị ya, ị gaara etinyela Sid ka ịmalite. Ihe ngwọta dị mfe bụ iji apt-pinning

Mbụ, mepee faịlụ nhazi mmasị ndị a.

sudo nano /etc/apt/preferences

Ọzọ, tinye ihe ndị a.

Package: *
Pin: release a=bullseye
Pin-Priority: 500

Package: *
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 100

Usoro a na-aga mmelite niile masịrị ya Ebe nchekwa Bullseye nwere akara dị elu (500) karịa ebe nchekwa na-adịghị akwụ ụgwọ (100), yabụ, a naghị akpali gị na ngwugwu dị iche iche ka emelite ya site na ebe nchekwa na-akwụghị ụgwọ.

Ihe Nlereanya:

mmasị na debian 11 bullseye dabara adaba | Enwere ike Linux

Ugbu a, chekwaa faịlụ ahụ CTRL+O, wee pụọ CTRL + X.

Mara, ọ bụrụ na ị nwere ngwugwu agbakwunyere arụnyere dị ka GNOME TWEAKS na-arụ ọrụ na Desktọpụ GNOME, a ga-emelite ha abụọ a. Iji mee nke a, nweta aha ngwugwu ma debe ya ihe kacha mkpa site na iji ebe nchekwa na-akwụghị ụgwọ.

Ọmụmaatụ nwere GNOME TWEAKS:

Package: *
Pin: release a=bullseye
Pin-Priority: 500

Package: *
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 100

Package: gnome-tweaks
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000
to apt preferences to fix gnome-tweaks

N'ikpeazụ, melite ndepụta nchekwa gị:

sudo apt update

Ugbu a, gaba na echichi akụkụ nke nkuzi ozugbo zuru ezu.

Wụnye GNOME 41 Desktọpụ na Debian

Ugbu a na agbakwunyere ebe nchekwa na-akwụghị ụgwọ, ị nwere ike iwunye GNOME 41 na ndabere ya.

N'ọnụ ọnụ gị, mebie iwu a.

sudo apt -t unstable install gnome-session gnome-shell gnome-backgrounds gnome-applets gnome-control-center mutter gjs

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

tinye gnome 41 debian 11 bullseye | Enwere ike Linux

ụdị "Y", pịa pịa "Tinye igodo" aga n'ihu.

Dịka ị na-ahụ, iwu ahụ na-eji "-t ejighị n'aka" iji wụnye ngwanro GNOME kachasị ọhụrụ site na ebe nchekwa anaghị akwụsi ike.

Mara, ị nwere ike ịhụ nsonaazụ ozi yiri nke a dị n'okpuru. Pịa "Q" bọtịnụ ịkwụsị ozi ozi.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Ụdị ozi ịdọ aka ná ntị q ka ị kwụsị gnome 41 na debian 11 bullseye | Enwere ike Linux

N'oge echichi, ị ga-ahụ na-esonụ ozugbo banyere configuring na "libc6: amd64" ngwugwu.

Ihe Nlereanya:

Ọrụ ngwa ngwa chọrọ ịmalitegharị na debian 11 bullseye maka nkwalite gnome 41 | Enwere ike Linux

Pịa "Tinye igodo," nke ga-akpọrọ gị gaa na ozi a.

Ihe Nlereanya:

kwadoro ka ịhọrọ ee ka ịmalitegharịa ọrụ debian 11 bullseye gnome 41 upgrade | Enwere ike Linux

Na ndabara, ahọpụtara. Agbanyeghị, ị nwere ike họrọ ọ bụrụ na ị nweghị ọrụ dị mkpa na-agba ọsọ. Pịa "Tinye igodo" ịga n'ihu mgbe ịmechara nhọrọ gị.

Ozugbo onye njikwa nnọkọ GNOME mechara wụnye, malitegharịa sistemụ arụmọrụ Debian 11 gị:

sudo reboot

Ozugbo ịbanyeghachiri, gosi na nkwalite ahụ aga nke ọma site na ịpị iwu na-esonụ na ọdụ gị:

gnome-shell --version

Ihe atụ mmepụta:

GNOME Shell 41.0

N'aka nke ọzọ, wụnye screenfetch ngwugwu.

sudo apt install screenfetch -y

N'ọnụ ọnụ gị, pịnye iwu a ka ibipụta ozi sistemụ, nke ga-egosi ụdị GNOME gị.

debian 11 gnome 41 mmepụta | Enwere ike Linux

Ekele, ị kwalitela na mmepe nrụpụta GNOME 41 kacha ọhụrụ nke otu Debian. Mara, ihe gbasara ngalaba nwere ike igosi GNOME 38; leghara nke a anya.

Otu esi emelite ngwugwu GNOME 41

Ụzọ kachasị mma isi mee ka mmelite ahụ na GNOME 41 na-aga n'ihu na-enweghị emetụta ngwungwu sistemu ndị ọzọ bụ ịgbakwunye ngwugwu na ntinye nke dabara n'otu n'otu nke ị rụnyere.

Mbụ, meghee faịlụ mmasị.

sudo nano /etc/apt/preferences

Ọzọ, tinye ihe ndị a na nke dị.

Package: *
Pin: release a=bullseye
Pin-Priority: 500

Package: *
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 100

Package: gnome-session
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: gnome-backgrounds
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: gnome-applets
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: gnome-control-center
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: mutter
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Package: gjs
Pin: release a=unstable
Pin-Priority: 1000

Dịka ọ dị na mbụ, ngwugwu ọkọlọtọ niile ga-eji ebe nchekwa Bullseye. Enwere ike ịdọrọ ihe na-adịghị akwụsi ike ka ọ wụnye ngwugwu ọ bụla na-adịghị akwụ ụgwọ mana ekwesịghị imetụta ndị dị adị. Ewezuga bụ ugbu a ka etinyere ngwugwu GNOME 41 niile na "1000" iji wụnye n'elu Bullseye, na "500".

Naanị ngwungwu ndị edepụtara ka a ga-emelite site na ebe nchekwa na-adịghị akwụ ụgwọ n'ọdịnihu. Enwere ụzọ ndị ọzọ, mana nke a bụ ụzọ dị mfe.

Ugbu a, chekwaa faịlụ ahụ CTRL+O, wee pụọ CTRL + X.

N'ikpeazụ, melite ndepụta nchekwa gị:

sudo apt update

Okwu na mmechi

N'ime nkuzi a, ị mụtala gbasara ebe nchekwa nnwale Debian, tinye ya, na ịdọrọ desktọpụ GNOME kachasị ọhụrụ site na otu Debian na-ahụ maka imeghari ya na mwepụta n'ọdịnihu.

N'ozuzu, GNOME 41 ga-adị nnọọ iche ozugbo ị gbanwere site na ndabara GNOME 38. Ụfọdụ n'ime mgbanwe ndị a na-ahụ anya bụ akụkụ windo gburugburu, ihe ngosi dị nro nke na-enye ya ọdịdị ọgbara ọhụrụ n'etiti ọtụtụ mgbanwe ndị ọzọ.

Maka ozi ndị ọzọ gbasara ọkwa GNOME 41 maka Debian, gaa na ibe ọnọdụ, nke a na-emelite kwa mgbe.

Idenye aha
Gwa nke
7 Comments
Inline nzaghachi
Lee echiche niile
Ali
Ọbịa
Tọzdee, Jenụwarị 6, 2022 11:33 nke abalị

daalụ maka nnukwu akụkọ ọ rụrụ ọrụ dị m mma mana tweaks gnome m na-adaba na aghaghị m ịgbakwunye
ngwugwu: gnome-tweaks
Pin: hapụ a = ejighị n'aka
Ihe mbu-mbu: 1000
iji dabara mmasị iji dozie gnome-tweaks

Richard
Ọbịa
Tuzdee, Jenụwarị 11, 2022 4:44 nke ụtụtụ

Hi

Volgens mij ben ik wel nu gmome wayland support kwijt, klopt dat?

Richard
Ọbịa
Zaa  Jọshụa James
Wenezde, Jenụwarị 19, 2022 5:38 nke abalị

Emere nrụnye ọhụrụ nke debian 11. Wayland bụ nke ndabara. Soro ntuziaka gị ka imelite na gnome41, na ka wayland dara, wee laghachi na X11.

Daniel Nawara
Ọbịa
Zaa  Richard
Tọzdee, Jenụwarị 20, 2022 2:22 nke ụtụtụ

Ị doziri Richard a, ma ọ bụ na-echere 41.3 ka ọ bịarute?

mgbasa ozi mgbasa ozi
7
0
Ga-ahụ n'anya gị echiche, biko okwu.x